Jumat, 20 Januari 2012

RUMUS 16 TENSES BAHASA INGGRIS


A. PRESENT TENSE

1. Simple Present Tense 
Formula :
+ } S + V1 + O/C
- } S + Do/does + not + V1 + O/C
? } Do/does + S + V1 + O/C

Example :
+ } Sisca Reads book everyday
- } Sisca does not Read book everyday
? } does Sisca Read book everyday
·      Yes He does / No He does not (doesn’t)
·      For I, We, You, They = do
·      He, She, It = Does
Example Sentence :
(+) She is a new people here.
 (-) She isn’t a new people here.
 (?) Is she a new people here?


2. Present Continuous Tense
Formula :
+ } S + Be + V1 + ing + O/C            >>           + } They are playing badminton now
- } S + Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C   >>           – } They are not playing badminton now
? } Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C            >>           ? } Are they playing badminton now ?
·      Yes They are / no they are not
·      For I = am
·      They, we, you = are
·      He, She, It = Is

Example Sentence :
(+) He is playing badminton now
(-) He isn’t playing badminton now.
(?) Is he playing badminton now.


3. Present Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb+main verb

Example :
(+) you have eaten mine.
(-) she has not been to Rome.
(?) have you finished?


4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + have/has + been + Ving
(-) : S + have/has + not + been + Ving
(?) : Have/has + S + been + Ving

Example :
(+) She has been going to Malang since evening.
 (-) She hasn’t been going to Malang since evening.
 (?) Has she been going to Malang ?



B. PAST TENSE

5. Simple Past Tense
Formula :
+} S+Be+Was/Were+O/C
-} S+Be+Was/Were+not+O/C
?} Be+Was/Were+ S+O/C

Example :
+} We were at school yesterday
-} We were not at school yesterday
?} Were we at school yesterday ?
·      For I, He, She, It = Was
·      They, we, you = were

Example Sentence :
(+) I saw a good film last night
 (-) I saw not a good film last night
 (?) Saw I a good film last night


6. Past Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + was/were + Ving
(-) : S + was/were + NOT + Ving
(?) : Was/Were + S + Ving

Example :
 (+) They were talking about sport when I met him.
 (-) They weren’t talking about sport when I met him.
 (?) Were they talking about sport when I met him.


7. Past Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb
(+) : S + had + V3
(-) : S + had + not + V3
(?) : Had + S + V3

Example :
(+) When my brother arrived , I had painted my motor cycle
 (-) When my brother arrived , I hadn’t painted my motor cycle
 (?) Had I my motor cycle , when my brother arrived ?


8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb

Example :
 (+) When they washed my drees , your father had been playing badminton
 (-) When they washed my dress , your father hadn’t been playing badminton
 (?) When they washed my dress , had your father been playing badminton ?



C. FUTURE TENSE

9. Simple Future Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+main verb

Example :
 (+) President shall at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(-) President shall not at Nederland the day after tomorrow.
(?) Shall President at Nederland the day after tomorrow?


10. Future Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb BE+main verb

Example :
(+) I will be writing a comic.
 (-) I will not writing a comic.
 (?) Will I be writing a comic ?


11. Future Perfect Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+main verb

Example :
 (+) You will have forgotten me by then.
 (-) We will not have left.
 (?) Will they have received it?


12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
subject+auxiliary verb WILL+auxiliary verb HAVE+auxiliary verb BE+main verb

Example :
(+) I will have been reading a news paper.
 (-) I will haven’t been reading a news paper.
 (?) Will I have been riding a news paper ?



D. PAST FUTURE TENSE

13. Past Future Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + V1
(-) : S + would + not + V1
(?) :  Would + S + V1

Example :
 (+) They would buy a home the previous day.
 (-) They wouldn’t buy a home the previous day.
 (?) Would they buy a home the previous day ?


14. Past Future Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + be + Ving
(-) : S + would + not + be + Ving
(?) : Would + S + be + Ving

Example :
(+) I should be swimming at this time the following day.
 (-) I shouldn’t be swimming at this time the following day.
 (?) Shall I be swimming at this time the following day ?


15. Past Future Perfect Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + have + V3
(-) : S + would + not + have + V3
(?) : Would + S + have + V3

Example :
(+) He would have graduated if he had studies hard.
 (-) He wouldn’t have gone if he had met his darling
 (?) Would He have gone if he had met his darling ?


16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Formula :
(+) : S + would + have + been + Ving
(-) : S + would + not + have + been + Ving
(?) : Would + S + have + been + Ving

Example :
 (+) Mrs. Anisa Munif would have been walking here for seventeen years
 (-) Mrs. Anisa Munif wouldn’t have been walking here for seventeen year
 (?) Would Mrs. Anisa Munif have been walking here for seventeen years?

 . DR.Deki Yanto

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